Already at the beginning of the day a large consensus was achieved on the need for such a dialogue in order to diminish the suffering of the Syrian population living in fear within the ruins of Daraa, the outskirts of Damascus and the city of Aleppo. The proposals to promote local cease fires by intensifying the interaction with the local population and to give free access to humanitarian organizations were as much accepted by the defenders of the government and of the opposition as the plan to organize, in the near future a peace conference in Vienna, Austria.
The discussions dealt also with the problem of the intensification of the civil war-like circumstances along the lines of religious confessions. The participants underlined that also in this respect negotiation and dialogue could provide a necessary distension of the situation. Others expressed their opinion that religious sectarianism is mostly induced by the outside and does not correspond neither to the tradition nor the character of the Syrian population. The participants ultimately expressed the need to oppose the geo-strategical interests of the international powers as well as the neighbouring countries by fermenting an inner-Syrian political solution.
In this context all current attempts of religious leaders for dialogue in order to stop violence and to contribute to the unity of Syria are welcome.
Last, but not least the representatives of the German peace movement agreed to do everything they can in order to bloc by political means any foreign direct or indirect military intervention. Especially the growing military threats and arms supply by our own governments as well as their hypocritical way to deal with democracy was condemned. (How otherwise the alliance wit the dictatorships on the Gulf could be possible?) That transforms into the demand for an immediate withdrawal of the German Patriot rockets on the Syrian border.
For all these reasons our principal claim YES TO DEMOCRACY – NO TO MILITARY INTERVENTION has to be accompanied by real and realistic steps to implement our peace promoting work. Besides our empathy for the efforts of the Syrian population to democratize the country we have to deliver concrete aid, especially with regard to the provision of health and alimentation for the population in need. Our aim should also be to contribute to the creation of less violent political spaces, which make it possible to create independent networks of communication on the local, regional and international level.
Finally it will depend also on us, if we can develop, for Syria and with the Syrians, the capacity to create a peace movement that is able, through political pressure, to move the international actors to give up their blockade of a political solution and thus show the way out of this devastating military scenario and prepare concrete measures:
Negotiations for a democratic peace in Syria are possible!
Norman Paech professor for international law / Reiner Braun International Association of Lawyers against Nuclear Arms (IALANA) / Wolfgang Gehrke MP Die Linke / Claudia Haydt Information centre Militarisation Tübingen / Niema Movassat MP Die Linke / Lucas Wirl Natural scientists – Initiative Responsibility for Peace and Furure / Anette Groth MdB Die Linke / Wilhelm Langthaler Co-promotor »Gaza must live« / Leo Gabriel Social anthropologist / Franz Eschbach member Attac workshop Globalisation and War / Thomas Zmrzly Initiativ e. V. / Andrej Hunko MP Die Linke / Murat Çakır Author / Wiltrud Rösch-Metzler pax christi vice president / Mustafa Ilhan Kurdish journalist / Prof. Werner Ruf peace researcher / Inge Höger MP Die Linke / Erhard Crome Rosa Luxemburg foundation
April 26, 2013
* Syrian participants
• Michel Sayegh, internist and long-time member of the German-Syrian Cultural Society
• Samir Abulaban, member of the Muslim Brotherhood
• Inana Othman, student activist stemming from a confessionally mixed family, grew up in Allawite environment
• Waseem Haddad, scientist of religion at the Lutheran theological faculty of the university of Vienna
• Michel Kilo, Democratic Forum of Syria, veteran oppositionist and former political prisoner
• Huda Zein, Docent at the university of Marburg, former member of the National Co-ordination Body for Democratic Change NCB
• Tarek Hammo, Syrian Kurd, Journalist with Rohani TV